Janet Currie is the Henry Putnam Professor of Economics and Public Affairs at Princeton University and Director of Princeton's Center for Health and Wellbeing. She also directs the Program on Families and Children at the National Bureau of Economic Research. She has served on several National Academy of Sciences panels including the Committee on Population, and was elected Vice President of the American Economic Association in 2010. She has also served as a consultant for the National Health Interview Survey and the National Longitudinal Surveys, and on the advisory board of the National Children's Study. She is a Fellow of the Society of Labor Economists, an affiliate of the University of Michigan's National Poverty Center, and an affiliate of IZA in Bonn. She is the Editor of the Journal of Economic Literature and on the editorial board of the Quarterly Journal of Economics, and has also served several other journals in an editorial capacity including the Journal of Health Economics, the Journal of Labor Economics, and the Journal of Public Economics.
Her research focuses on the health and wellbeing of children. She has written about early intervention programs, programs to expand health insurance and improve health care, public housing, and food and nutrition programs. Much of this research is summarized in "The Invisible Safety Net: Protecting the Nation's Poor Children and Families." Princeton University Press. Her current research focuses on socioeconomic differences in child health, and on environmental threats to children's health from sources such as toxic pollutants.