Elizabeth Mitchell Armstrong has research interests in public health, the history and sociology of medicine, reproductive and maternal health policy, social determinants of health, and medical ethics. Her forthcoming book investigates how the fetus came to be viewed as a person, in law, medicine, politics and culture. In addition to this new work, Armstrong has also written: Conceiving Risk, Bearing Responsibility: Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and the Diagnosis of Moral Disorder (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003) as well as many articles on family planning, medical mistakes, adolescent motherhood, obstetrical views of risk and risk management, and the sociology of pregnancy and birth. Her current research includes a longitudinal study of agenda setting around disease in the United States, a web-based study of the public’s knowledge, beliefs and attitudes about the risk of drinking during pregnancy, and a study of fetal personhood and obstetrical ethics. She holds a joint appointment in the Department of Sociology and the Woodrow Wilson School and is a faculty associate at the Office of Population Research. She is faculty director of the Health and Health Policy Certificate. She was a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Scholar in Health Policy Research at the University of Michigan from 1998-2000. M.P.A. Princeton University; Ph.D. University of Pennsylvania.